This is an automatic translation of a press release from the Ministry of Communications
In 2022, 161.6 million Brazilians aged 10 or older use the Internet, according to data from the Information and Communication Technologies module of the National Continuous Household Sample Survey (PNAD Continua TIC) released Thursday (11/9) by the Brazilian Institute of Geography. and Statistics (IBGE). The research also shows a steady growth with the Internet now in 91.5% of homes, in addition to the changes in access, regarding the mobile phone (98.9%) is the more.
“We have made significant progress in coverage across the country, reaching more than 90% of Brazilian homes with broadband Internet. The biggest challenge now, according to research, is digital reading,” said Minister of Communications, Juscelino Filho. Despite the increase, 6.4 million households still do not use the Internet. Among the reasons given were lack of knowledge (32.1%), the cost of the service (28.8%) and lack of need (25.6%).
Internet access in rural areas will reach 72.7% in 2022, an increase since 2016. The narrowing of the gap reflects the progress in technology in more remote areas. The Central-West region leads with 96.6% of users, influenced by the Federal District. The North (82.4%) and the Northeast (83.2%) presented the lowest results, although there was the greatest expansion in 2022.
The director of the Department of Business and Innovation of the Ministry of Communications (MCom), Pedro Lucas Araújo, emphasized that the biggest challenge of digital inclusion today is on in the user’s ability to use the Internet, and not in network coverage. “For the next Multiannual Plan, the indicator that we will use to solve this problem is people who use the Internet and are not in their homes, because the indicators clearly show the expansion of program,” the director said.
Learning and networking
In 2022, 92.2% of students reported using the Internet, but there was a disparity between public and private networks. While 98.4% of private school students use the Internet in 2022, the percentage of public school students is 89.4%. There are also differences in the use of equipment. While 75% of students in the private network access the Internet from their own computers, the percentage of students is only 31.2% in the public network .
In addition, research shows an increase in the number of households with a television, reaching 71.5 million in 2022. However, the percentage of households with a television dropped to 94.4%, indicating a change in the reference model. The presence of analogue satellite dishes in 16.8 million homes indicates the need to move to digital technology.
Among households with televisions, 43.4% (31.1 million) choose paid streaming video services. Of them, 95.3% are still open to radio, including 93.1% of open TV and 41.5% of pay TV.
Only 4.7% of households that pay for streaming video do not turn on or pay TV. This shows that streaming has not yet completely replaced the model of television.
Meanwhile, radio is still relevant, being heard in 56.5% of homes in 2022, with regional changes. This document provides a comprehensive vision of the evolution of technology and communication in the country, showing changes in behavior and usability.
This is the first time that the survey has collected data on streaming, 5G and the Internet of Things (IoT). Inclusion is the proposal of MCom to lead the development of civil rights in business.
Free internet access
For the first time, research has investigated free Internet in public places. Among the research sites, 8.9% of Internet users say they have access to a free service in schools, universities or public libraries; 5.2%, in public health facilities, such as clinics and public hospitals; and 5.5%, in public places or parks.
About the investigation
The Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) module of the National Research Institute – PNAD Continua identifies, since 2016, access to the Internet and TV and having a telephone of hands for personal use, expanding the territory to Brazil, the Greater Region and the Federation Units.