for every internet station in Usme there are 11 in Chapinero • ENTER.CO

And UNAL urban planning It has been observed that Bogotá’s plan does not eliminate the inequality of access to information and communication technology (ICT). The distribution of radio stations and copper internet cabling makes a difference in the connection, because they are usually installed in strata 4, 5 and 6.

According to research, the way of urban design and planning is not related to the idea that information and communication technology (ICT) leads to access to the Internet, of otherwise, make this decrease the difference; On the contrary, the distribution of infrastructure, radio stations and copper internet cabling, promote inequality, since it is installed mainly in strata 4, 5 and 6.

Juan Pablo Neira, in his Master’s Degree in Urban Planning from the National University of Colombia (UNAL), presented the results recorded in the book “Intelligent Bogotá: View of the technopolis of the 21st century of network urbanism”, one of 120 novelties from Editorial UNAL, presented at the Bogotá International Book Fair (FILBo) 2024.

According to the owner, “between the city and technology there is a ‘short distance’: while on the one hand business technology is used to solve everyday problems in the city, such as use, sensors, cameras and platforms, there is almost no awareness of all the effects that these devices can have on the city and its users.

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“On the other hand, there is an impact from urban planning, that is, the power that technology can have on the city is incredible, sometimes it is not important, and even refused.”

This voids envisions a time to contribute through books, which talk about the city from a technological vision, as a suitable place in which work is guaranteed by technologies. The goal is to see how they can be used and where to use them for the benefit of the city, some authors know as “technopolis”, and that is in “urban development “.

Following this concept, “the city feels like a machine, and when that happens there will be characteristics of the machine that will appear in the city,” he explained.

How did you come to that conclusion?

Well, their research examines the city through three layers or elements of ICT: infrastructure, business, and the use of citizens using this technology.

In the case of infrastructure, it works with the question of radio stations and copper internet cabling in Bogotá. This database, provided by the District Planning Secretariat, contains georeferenced information on the type of construction in the city.

For the second part, he drew and analyzed the technology industry in the city based on the stock of ICT companies provided by the Bogotá Chamber of Commerce, which has 15,000 companies listed as before the business registered from 1972 to 2020.

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And for the third point, he used the 2017 Multipurpose Survey, which has information about the use of ICT by 222,000 people and 77,000 families (disaggregated by region and zonal planning unit, UPZ).

To analyze the data, it uses geographic information systems (GIS) and geoprocessing tools that cross indicators such as urban density, stratification and income per capita, in order to to find the relationship between these variables and the source of the mentioned process.

What do you see?

Regarding infrastructure, he found that it is not the same or controlled by urban density. Instead, it clearly follows the per capita income and health stratum, a pattern that can be clearly seen in regions, communities and blocks.

According to UNAL news, The higher the income and stratum, the higher the coverage and availability of these facilities. Thus, for every station in Usme there are 11 in Chapinero; In the areas with more stations (top 25) there is none from stratum 1, only one from stratum 2, and a third is stratum 3. The situation is different in the maximum, where each person represents and makes up almost half of the community in the sample.

Also, strata 1, 2 and 3 are the majority of city blocks (16, 35 and 27%), but they only have parking in 1, 3 and 10% of their blocks, respectively. In contrast, strata 4, 5 and 6 add up to 9% of all blocks, but all of them have parking spaces in at least 20% of their blocks.

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Meanwhile, the effective use of the internet (percentage of households with a connection) shows the same results: these services appear more in areas with income the most (Teusaquillo with 90.9% connection compared to Usme with 43. 3%), as well as in the family in the highest strata (stratum 6 with connection in 96.2% of its houses compared to 39.1% in stratum 1).

Regarding layer 2, it is clear that small businesses are distributed in almost all cities, “But when you start to see medium and large companies, if they are not located anywhere, they start to be at the intersection of Chapinero and Usaquén.”acknowledge the researcher.

“These are in a patient, safe environment that encourages creativity and this is clearly seen in Chapinero, which has many digital laboratories, startups and boys business. Then the whole ecosystem is designed to support the creation and support of these companies,” he explained.

Regarding internet usage, identified that Teusaquillo is the city that uses the internet every day (74.3% of respondents), and compares with Usme (29.5%). Less than half of the respondents in 8 out of 20 areas reported daily use, especially those in the south of the city.

He notes that “the contrast with rural areas is even greater: in Sumapaz only 10% of the sample use it every day, 21% use it at least once a week, and 56% never use it.”

Finally, the researcher concluded that “the data shows that the deployment of ICT infrastructure is considered and supports the challenge of existing hierarchies and inequalities; Therefore, there is a promise with these technologies and that is that they will connect us all, that the environment will be able to access these innovations, which is not happening. “


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