Digital connectivity: what are the regional differences and what is missing to meet future needs? | Gap | Area | Digital connection | Internet Wi-Fi | Mobile network | Employees | ECONOMY

According to the National Institute of Statistics and Informatics (INEI), as of July 2023, 77.3% of the population – aged 6 and older – used the Internet in the country. A figure that reaches 89% of the population in Metropolitan Lima and 80% in the city, while in rural areas only 51.2%.. Despite the increase in use compared to last year and the reduction in the digital gap between cities and rural areas, it is still evident and today more than 30%.

Mira: Plaza San Miguel: “A type of ‘fast fashion’ is about to enter the market that will start operating in June or July 2024.”

Carlos Huamán, CEO of DN Consultores, clarified that these figures only refer to the use of the Internet, of those who connect and use this service in rural areas, but for this to be have access to those areas and, previously, network infrastructure. And there is still work to be done.

Photo: Mariela Valdez.

Photo: Mariela Valdez.

All this is reflected in theRegional Digital Connectivity Index 2023 (ICDR 2023), prepared by DN Consultores and American Tower, a passive infrastructure provider for telecom operators in many countries. The report, which measures three dimensions: infrastructure, use (services) and use (civility) tells us that The regions of Loreto, Cajamarca and Huánuco are the least connected in the country. Meanwhile, the most connected are Metropolitan Lima, Arequipa and Moquegua.

In the report it can also be seen that the areas of Pasco, Apurímac and Huancavelica have made the biggest progress in their index compared to 2019. While San Martín, Ucayali and Huánuco lost positions.

For Huamán, the report shows that More rural areas, there is a lower level of digital connectivity, so the importance of public policy should be faster and more focused on rural areas.where the biggest competition expansion is.

Photo: Mariela Valdez.

Photo: Mariela Valdez.

It is not that it is not possible to go there or there is a limitation because the technology advances and makes it possible, the difficulty is that it involves higher costs, There is competition in the price per user, per mile, per public space to make a sustainable business.”, held the expert.

But in addition to the construction of infrastructure, he added that technological reform is also required because in rural areas is done with the deployment of the system; however, “many times the result is completely in 2G. It is necessary to facilitate its transition to 4Gwhose tools require more energy and skill”he said.

For Victor Jauregui, vice president of business at Win, the lack of broadband infrastructure in rural and rural areas is a major problem. “Ease of access and availability of connected devices are key to closing the gap. Although technology and adoption are important, they are often hampered by lack of access and infrastructure.a”, he pointed out.

Photo: Mariela Valdez.

Photo: Mariela Valdez.

Miguel Di Campo, senior director of Public Affairs of the American Tower for Peru, Colombia and Costa Rica, points out that it is not only bringing the process but also making it accessible and encouraging its use. As shown There are around 3 million Peruvians and close to 100,000 public places that do not have Internet and if they have coverage, they use it less. due to various factors such as low connectivity, lack of other services or lack of digital knowledge.

How to solve?

The first point of this is to support the development of infrastructure. Di Campo notes that Although many have been used in the past 10 years, it has not been able to meet the current needs to meet the needs. “A very important factor for deployment is spectrum auctions and now A group for 4G has just been released for competition and there is a process of modification of the 3.5G band to be released for competition in 5G”, he said. That will create a lot of information, so it calculates to provide the coverage, Our country should almost triple its existing infrastructure by 2032This means that there will be about 56 thousand base stations.

All this shows a lot of investment and in this way other measures are also required, such as create new digital infrastructure deployment models, also given that traditional models do not solve problemsone of the different payment services, said Teresa Gomes, CEO of Internet para Todos, a project supported by Telefónica, Meta, IDB Invest and CAF.

For this, cooperation is important, so that business owners can share processes and expand connections, as well as create a wholesale medium, which allows many companies to use them“, Explain. Jauregui also added that this is a good idea to expand connections in areas where investment in infrastructure is expensive and ineffective for workers. This counts with shared equipment such as communication towers, poles, pipes and other network equipment.

(MTC photo)

(MTC photo)

In addition to this, Huamán is important need to strengthen management and administrative incentives to encourage workers to invest more to reach remote mothers. One of these measures is the fee, which means that operators can allocate up to 60% of the money paid for the use of radio spectrum for investment to expand the ‘telco’ infrastructure in the rural areas. “According to the positive results, it can be extended to other responsibilities such as commercial activities or fines.”“, he proposes. Di Campo, in turn, suggests that in countries such as Colombia that the percentage increases to 90% in a similar model.

From WOW, a fiber Internet operator that has grown a lot in the states, they added that its strategy of focusing on many states and not in the capital of the department work is important and is one of the pillars of the freedom of democracy. access to 100% fiber optic high-speed Internet throughout the country, said Rodrigo Arosemena, CCO of WOW.

There are around 3 million Peruvians who are not yet connected.

There are around 3 million Peruvians who are not yet connected.

For this it will be It is necessary to establish a fluid dialogue between the private and public sector, given that – as Jauregui suggests – closing the gap requires unity and vision sell for a long time.. Along these lines, Huamán believes that work can be done on the transition from a traditional management system to one that supports new services. And also in the use of digital, production and social awareness for each region, updating the content, with greater connection between the MTC, the Department of Business Copy and Digital Transformation and the Ministry, as well as regional and municipal governments, which allow to support it. used.

Meanwhile, Jauregui, from Win, decided that subsidies can be given so that low-income families can access affordable Internet services and, on the other hand, make work of good governance, which can guarantee policies that promote investment and competition.

For all these, According to Di Campo, the problem of predictability is important. In this way, the three dimensions can be paid to reduce the gap between national connections, since “with infrastructure, services are produced and therefore used, and with more use, the infrastructure is more needed because the need is more and thus creates a virtuous circle. , “he said.

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